Kidney stones are formed from the residuals of earth elements which accumulates in time. One in every ten people experience this life quality diminishing health condition
There are also various types for varying reasons of origins. Some of the symptoms of the kidney stones are difficulty in urinary tract, bleeding, strong pain, inflammation, nausea. There are also stones with no symptoms which are detected while checking up other unrelated health conditions
Ignored or untreated kidney stones conditions, may result in permanent damages of kidney functions. Therefore it is important to observe and treat them
Kidney stones show variations of ingredients.Epidemiological studies show that %80-85 of the kidney stones are stones of Calcium Oxalate origin
KIDNEY STONE TYPES
These are in the form of Calcium Oxalate. Oxalate is a material formed naturally in foods and produced daily by liver.
Fruits and vegetables, as well as chocolate and hazelnut posseses large amounts of oxalate. Special dietary conditions, consumption of high concentration of Vitamin D, intestine bypass operations and some other metabolical irregularities may result in increased concentration levels of calcium and oxalate in urine. Calcium stones may also appear in the form of Calcium Phosphate. These stones are more commonly seen in metabolical situations, such as renal tubular acidose.
These stones are formed as reactions to urinary tract infections. These stones can grow fast and become significantly large. They show very little or few symptoms.
Uric Acid Stones
These stones may appear in subjects with water consumption deficiency, or heavy loss of water conditions, or high protein diets, or persons with gout disease. Some genetic factors may also increase formation of uric acid stones.
These stones appear in persons with certain genetic medical conditions which causes an increased level of certain amino acids (systinury) production in kidneys
|Stone Type||% of Appearance||Urinary Conditions|
|Calcium Oxalate||80%||Alkali Urine (pH>5.5)|
|Calcium Phosphate||__%||Alkali Urine (High pH)|
|Uric Acid||5% - 10%||Acidic Urine|
|Struvite||10% - 15%||Kidney & Urinary Tract Infections|
|Cystine||__%||A Rare Genetic Condition|
Kidney stones may continue to grow in kidneys without any symptoms. They may be noticed during examinations of other medical conditions or when first symptoms appear
— Back and side pain, heavy pain under chest cage
— Lower stomach and pelvic pain
— Pain coming in waves and increasing wave of pain
— Pain during urination
— Pink, red or brown urine
— Bad smelling or unclear urine
— Nausea and vomiting
— Frequent and/or continuous need to urinate
— If with infection, fewer and shaking
— Very low levels of urination
Certain diseases and habits may kick start the risk of kidney stone formations
— Structural malfunctions in kidney
— Kidney diseases (renal tubular acidose, Cystic kidney disease….)
— Nutritional habits
— Not enough liquid consumption
— Living in hot climate conditions
— Some medications (acetacolamyde, anti-viral drugs….)
— Some intestinal diseases (inflammatory intestine disease…)
— Genetic factors
— Intestinal operations (gigono ileal by-pass…)
— Metabolical diseases (hyperparatiroidism, gout disease…)
Dietary and nutrirional habits plays and important role in stone formation. It is possible to minimize the risk of stone formation with careful nutritional diets.
— Consumption of adequate amounts (2.5 liter per day) of liquids, water to be first
— Refraining from acidic drinks, effecting the acid-base balance in urine. Drinks with citrate may be ok
— Apple, orange and grapefruit juice may increase risk of kidney stone formation. Pure lemon juice may be a preventing agent due to citric acid in it
— No consumption of the milk and milk products may increase the risk of stone formation. Should refrain from diets without calcium. Products of Milk, such as yogurt and cheese should be consumed in moderation
— High fiber containing foods is helpful
— Refrain from excessive consumption of foods with high levels of oxalate such as beat, soy, black tea, chocolate, cacao, dried fig, black pepper, hazelnut, spinach, strawberry, berries.
— Wine may be a preventive to stones, but other alcoholic drinks such as beer may be a risk for susceptible individuals due to purine in them
— For uric acid stones: moderation of the consumption of foods with purine such as dried soys, mushrooms, spinach, cauliflower, meat, anchovies, sardines etc..
— Low consumption of salt
— Adaquate Excersise and staying active
— Stress minimization